The World Economic Forum accessed 140 countries, including 38 African countries, to rank the best education systems based on skill development. The report looks at the general level of skills of the workforce and the quantity and quality of education in each country. Factors considered include: developing digital literacy, interpersonal skills, and the ability to think critically and creatively. In this, we bring to you the top 10 countries with the best education systems in Africa;
A small country with about 95,000 people, Seychelles holds the position for the best education system in Africa with 69.3 points. It is the only African country in the top 50 education system globally. It holds a global ranking of 28th position on Critical thinking in teaching and 34th on Skillset of graduates. It is the first and only country in Africa that has fully achieved the “education for all” goal, set by UNESCO.
In 2016, according to UNESCO, the government spent 11.72% of total expenditure on education. Education is compulsory up to the age of 16, and free through secondary school until age 18. 98.9 percent of the population age 15 to 24 is literate.
The second best education system in Africa is found in Tunisia, which ranks 71st position on global education system with 61.4 points. It ranks 49th position for School life expectancy and 51st for Pupil-to-teacher ratio in primary education.
Since gaining independence from France in 1956, the government of Tunisia has focused on developing an education system which produces a solid human capital base that could respond to the changing needs of a developing nation. Education is the number one priority of the government, with more than 20 percent of government’s budget allocated for education. Literacy rate as at 2015 was 81%.
Mauritius has the 3rd best education system in Africa, with 61 points. It holds the 74th position on global education system; and ranks 40th position on Extent of staff training and 47th on Quality of vocational training globally. The government of Mauritius provides free education to its citizens from pre-primary to tertiary levels. Since July 2005, the government also introduced free transport for all students.
Schooling is compulsory up to the age of 16. Mauritian students consistently rank top in the world each year for the Cambridge International O Level, and International A and AS level examinations.
4. South Africa
Ranked at 84th position on global education system, South Africa offers the 4th best education system in Africa with a score of 58.4. It is 53rd on Mean years of schooling and 55th on Extent of staff training globally. It ranks ahead of Panama and Mexico on global education system. Over the past decade, the South African government budget above 18 percent of its total expenditure on education.
It’s not surprising why South African universities rank among the best in Africa, and compete globally. Literacy rate is at 94 percent.
And for the top three countries with the best education systems in Africa.
The second North African country in this list, Algeria rank 88th position on global education system, and 5 th in Africa with 57.4 points. It is also 65th position on School life expectancy with a population of 41.3 million, the literacy rate is at 75 percent.
Botswana rank 92nd position on global education system behind Iran and ahead of Brazil. It holds the 6 th position in Africa with a score of 56.7. It ranks 67 th on Extent of staff training and 76th on Mean years of schooling.
While some sources claim education in Botswana is free for the first 10 years, but according to Wikipedia, Secondary education in Botswana is neither free nor compulsory. Literacy rate is at 88 percent, with a population of 2.3 million.
The East African country rank 95th position on global education system, ahead of India and behind Brazil, and 7 th best in Africa with a score of 55.4. It is 21 st on Ease of finding skilled employees and 43rd on Digital skills among population globally. Compulsory education lasts 12 years from age 6 to age 17
With a population of 49.7 million, 17.58 percent of total government expenditure in 2017 went to education, and literacy rate is at 78.7 percent according to UNESCO.
8. Cape Verde
Surprisingly, Cape Verde follows closely behind Egypt, at 98th position on global education system and number 8 th in Africa, with a score of 53.3. It is 53rd on Critical thinking in teaching and 71st on Ease of finding skilled employees globally. The country has a population of over 546,000 and literacy rate is estimated at 80 percent. Primary school education in Cape Verde is mandatory between the ages of 6 and 14 years and free for children ages 6 to 12.
Egypt rank 99th position on global education system, and 9 th best in Africa with 52.8 points, slightly ahead of Namibia. It ranks 70th on global Digital skills among population. Compulsory education lasts 12 years from age 6 to age 17 and literacy rate is at 71% as at 2017, according to UNESCO.
Namibia, a population of 2.34 million, ranks 100 th position in global education system and 10th in Africa with a score of 52.7. It is 43rd in global ranking on Extent of staff training and 82th on Critical thinking in teaching.
In Namibia, it is mandatory for every citizen between the age limit of 6-16 to receive an education. For this 10 year academic period, the Namibian constitution charges the government with the responsibility of providing fund for education. Literacy rate is at 88.2%.
Rough Summary Of a Few Other Countries
Ghana ranks 104 th in global education system and 12th in Africa ahead of Zimbabwe , while Nigeria seats at 124 th position in the world and 25th in Africa behind Rwanda.