Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia.
Africa is one of the continents with different ethnic groups each with its own languages and culture. Africa is said to have over 3,000 tribes. Prosperity and riches is not dependent on ones’ tribe, some tribes are placed among the richest on the continent due to one reason or another. This article will enlighten you about the top ten richest tribes in Africa. Below are the top 10 richest tribes in Africa;
1. Yoruba – Nigeria
The Yoruba tribe is found mainly in the South-Western Nigeria and Southern Benin but the highest population is in Nigeria. This is undoubtedly one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa with an estimated population of 35 million people. This is one of the richest tribes in Nigeria. They make up 20% of the population in Nigeria and due to the fact that they accepted western education earlier, more professionals come from this tribe than any other tribe in Nigeria.
2. Zulu – South Africa
The Zulu tribe is one of the richest tribes in Africa known worldwide. They speak the isiZulu language and are mostly found in South Africa and other countries like Zambia, Zimbabwe, etc. Their culture is elegant and is known for their festivals. This tribe is estimated to have a population of 11 million people.
3. Pedi – South Africa
The Pedi tribe originated from South Africa and they speak the Sotho language; there are more than 7 million people speaking this language in South Africa. The highest populations of this tribe were involved in herding and farming but at a time, many people migrated to cities in search of work. Currently, they are one of the richest tribes on the continent.
4. Hausa and Fulani – Nigeria
These tribes are the most successful in politics due to large population in Nigeria. This tribe is the most populated in Nigeria and they are also found in some West African countries. The people are mostly into agriculture and trading and are ranked among one of the richest tribes in the continent. The richest man in Africa, Aliko Dangote is from this tribe.
5. Suri – Ethiopia
The Suri tribe is one of the richest in Africa. They speak the Surma language and are mainly found on highlands and countries like Sudan and Ethiopa. They practice a weird culture whereby they can only marry within their tribe.
6. The Ashanti Tribe
This is by far the largest tribe in Ghana numbering about seven million in total and nearly half the population of the entire country. It is also one of the few matrilineal societies in West Africa and Africa as a whole. Once renowned for the splendour and wealth of their rulers, the Ashanti people are famous for their skilful artwork and their trademark kente cloth. Other notable characteristics of the Ashanti is their extravagant funerals. Some of the famous masks, sculptures and furniture in Ghana are crafted by the Ashanti people.
7. Igbo – Nigeria
This is the most successful and popular tribe in Nigeria. They are mainly into business; they are really obsessed with making money.
8. El Molo – Kenya
This is one of the richest tribes in the continent despite the fact that it is the smallest tribe in Kenya. They speak the Maa language.
The people are into fishing and hunting, one of their sources of food is the hippopotamus killed in Turkana Lake.
9. Xhosa – South Africa
The people of the Xhosa tribe are found all across the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa and the literally speak with click sounds. This tribe is also one of the richest in Africa.
10. Oromo – Ethiopia
The Oromo tribe is the most popular in Ethiopa and they make up 40% of the country’s population. They speak Oromo language and practice the Waaqa traditional religion.